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8 literary works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez

works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez

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8 literary works that influenced the career of Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez

Can you tell me what are the most important novels that Marquez has influenced in his writing? I think that one of the most enjoyable experiences that any reader can go through is discovering the life of his favorite writer – especially if it was on the lips of his favorite writer – and knowing how he grew up and what his life was like before he became a writer, and most importantly during his work as a writer.

The most important novels that Marquez influenced in his writings

Gabriel Márquez

Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Journalist and writer born in 1927, in Colombia, Aracataca (died 2014)
Gabriel García Márquez, novelist, journalist and short story writer, one of his most famous works (One Hundred Years of Solitude), won the 1982 Nobel Prize for Literature.
At length
Gabriel was born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca, Colombia. He grew up in the family home with his grandparents, listening to interesting family stories from them, and this influenced his writing and eventually became a journalist.

He presented his works to the readers as they are closer to realism, in which he combines the traditional style of storytelling mixed with fantasy.

His novels One Hundred Years of Solitude and El amor en los tiempos del cólera (Love in the Time of Cholera) drew global audiences, and he won a Nobel Prize in 1982.

García Márquez passed away on April 17, 2014.

Beginnings

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8 literary works that influenced the career of Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez
Writer and journalist Gabriel García Márquez is reported to have been born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca, Colombia. His mother is Luisa Santiaga Márquez and his father is Gabriel Eligio Garcia. (Birth certificates were not issued in his village at the time of his birth, and some sources indicate that the year of his birth is 1928).

He was the older brother of 12 children, and lived with his maternal grandparents listening to many family stories, including his grandfather’s military memories, as well as his parents’ adventures. Publishing his first story while in college and then becoming a journalist, he was writing at a time of blood turmoil in Colombia known as La Violencia.

He read the works of a number of international writers and emigrated to Europe during the mid-1950s, after he wrote an article that angered the military dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. García Márquez eventually returned to his homeland and worked with more than one publishing house based in Venezuela and Cuba.

He married Mercedes Barsha Bardot in 1958.

Achievements


Before 1967, García published two novels: La hojarasca, The Storm Paper, 1955, and La mala hora, in the Hour of Evil, 1962, and a short novel, El coronel no tiene quien le escriba, in 1961; And some other short stories. Then came the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude, where García Márquez tells the story of “Macondo”, an isolated town whose history is similar to that of Latin America.

The events of the novel are closer to realism and there are wonderful chapters that contain what is known as ‘magical realism’.

8 literary works that influenced the career of Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez

García’s style of mixing historical facts and fiction came from the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, one of the founders of the magical realist school of writing.

The people of Macondo are driven by emotions to act like lust, greed and thirst for power but are thwarted by social, political or natural forces as in Greek tragedy and myth.

Gabriel has continued to produce these mystical literary works, with García Márquez releasing El otoño del patriarca (Autumn of the Patriarch) in 1975, Crónica de una muerte anunciada (Chronicles of an appointed death) in 1981, and El amor en los tiempos del cólera (Love in the Time of Cholera 1985); A movie was made about it in 2007, El general en su laberinto (The General in his Labyrinths) in 1989, and Del amor y otros demonios (Of Love and Other Demons) in 1994. The best of these books is Love in the Time of Cholera, about a love affair It takes decades.

In 1996 García Márquez published a report on drug-related kidnappings in his native Colombia, in Noticia de un secuestro, News of a Kidnapping.

In his later years, García Márquez reviewed his private life in his work, writing his memoir Vivir para contarla in 2002, which was published the following year under the name “Living to Tell the Tale” and received good reviews and ratings from critics and readers.

During his career, García Márquez won numerous awards and awards, including the 1982 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Quick Facts

He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982.
His novel “One Hundred Years of Solitude” has sold 20 million copies worldwide.
He studied law and worked as a journalist in addition to writing.
He suffered from more than one disease such as cancer and Alzheimer’s, which led to his death in 2014.

So I consider myself one of the lucky ones – not all writers write autobiographies – my favorite Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez wrote about his boyhood in his book “Living To Tell The Tale” to tell us about his childhood and beginnings as a writer and journalist, and as an avid reader who focused most on literary works which had a role in his formation as a writer, and out of sheer altruism I decided to share some of these works in this article.

| The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann |

The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann |
| The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann |
  • Author Name: Thomas Mann
  • Book Category: Fiction, Philosophy.
  • Original Publication Date: 1924
  • Original language of publication: German
  • Number of pages: 706
  • Goodreads Rating: 4
  • Amazon Rating: 4.4
  • Translator: Adnan Habab
  • English version publisher: Vintage
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 70 languages.


Adapted artworks: The novel was made into a movie of the same name in 1982, directed by Hans W. Geißendörfer and starring Christoph Eichhorn, Ruud Steiger, and Marie-France Bizet.
The Magic Mountain tells the story of Hans Kastorp, a young German engineer, who goes to visit his cousin in a tuberculosis sanatorium in the Davos mountains, Switz. Although Kastorp plans to stay for only a few weeks, he discovers he has symptoms and remains in the sanatorium for seven years, until the outbreak of World War I.

During this time, Hans abandons his normal life and succumbs to the temptations of disease, introspection, and death. By talking with other patients, he became so familiar with and absorbed the political, cultural and scientific ideas prevailing in Europe in the twentieth century that the sanatorium became a spiritual reflection of the possibilities and dangers of the actual world away from the Magic Mountain. out.

Marquez first became acquainted with this novel when he was at the National School of Thebakira during the reading periods that were alternated by professors and students, and its duration increased according to the importance of the story being told. He says of its effect on him and his colleagues:

What I have not yet been able to explain is the resounding success of Thomas Mann’s The Magic Mountain, which required the director’s intervention to prevent us from spending the night awake, waiting for the kiss of Hans Kastrup and Claudia Chauchat. Or the singular of us all, seated in the family, watched, lest we miss a word of the vaguely philosophical duel, between Naptha and her friend Stimperini. That night the reading lasted more than an hour, and he celebrated it in the bedroom with a storm of applause.”

James Joyce’s Ulysses

works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez
  • Author Name: James Joyce
  • Book Category: Fiction.
  • Original Publication Date: February 2, 1922
  • Original language of publication: English
  • Number of pages: 783
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.7
  • Amazon Rating: 4.1
  • Translator: Dr. Taha Mahmoud Taha
  • Arabic Edition Publishing House: Arab House for Printing, Publishing and Distribution
  • English Edition Publishing House: Wordsworth Classics
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 90 languages.
  • Adapted Artwork: The novel was made into a film in 1967, starring Milo O’Shea, Barbara Gifford, Maurice Rufus, TB McKenna, and Sheila O’Sullivan, and directed by Joseph Strick.


Based on the famous Odyssey of the poet Homer, Ulysses is about one day in the life of Leopold Bloom, an unlucky but lovable 38-year-old man who wanders around Dublin on June 16, 1904. The novel is based on and follows his unexpected friendship with a writer. 22-year-old Stephen Daedalus, who supposedly represents the writer Joyce himself, and his relationship with his wife, Molly.

Marquez got to know this novel for the first time through his friend Alvaro Espinosa, who made him delve into the Bible and one day he put Ulysses in front of him, presenting it as “the other Bible” – according to him – and then Marquez was a student at the university and began to read it in plucks. intermittent and unable to complete. But fortunately a few years later, he decided to read it seriously and then knew the true value of this novel, both morally and professionally:

“That reading was not only the discovery of a special world that I had never thought existed in me, but it was also an invaluable technical aid in the freedom of language, and the best in the game of time and construction for my books.”

Death as An Escape in William Faulkner’s As I Lay

Death as An Escape in William Faulkner's As I Lay
  • Author Name: William Faulkner
  • Book Category: Fiction.
  • Original Publication Date: 1930
  • Original language of publication: English
  • Number of pages: 288
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.7
  • Amazon Rating: 4.2
  • Translator: Tawfiq Al-Asadi
  • Arabic version publishing house: Dar Al-Mada
  • English version publisher: Vintage
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 50 languages.
  • Adapted Artworks: The novel was made into a 2013 American drama film directed and starring James Franco.

As I Lay Dying is a novel about the Bundrin family’s journey through the Mississippi countryside to bury Addy’s wife and mother. Every member of the family has been the narrator at some point – including Addie herself – as well as others. The novel ranges in mood, from dark comedy to the deepest emotions.

This novel is considered one of the most influential novels in American fiction in terms of structure, style, and drama, and it is also one of the true classic novels of the twentieth century.

This novel, and the novel Ulysses – which we mentioned earlier – influenced Marquez’s style of his first short novel, Withered Papers, which was translated in Arabic into The Storm of Leaves. This novella revolves around the burial of a Monaco village doctor hated by the whole village through the perspectives of three generations, an elderly colonel who promised to bury that doctor, his daughter Isabel and his grandson despite the village’s desire to leave the corpse to rot as it is what he deserves.

Marquis says that when he read Ulysses and William Faulkner’s novels in his twenties, he was unfair to them, so he decided to read them again, and when the beauty and simplicity of the narration revealed to him, it made him think of making the monologue inside a polyphonic novel in the same way as a novel while he lay dying, and also gave him the idea of ​​limiting Only three votes are grandfather, daughter and grandson.

Oedipus the King: The Perfect Work from the Marquess’ View

Oedipus the King: The Perfect Work from the Marquess' View
  • Author’s name: Sophocles
  • Book Category: Fiction, Drama.
  • Original Publication Date: 429 BC.
  • Original language of publication: Ancient Greek.
  • Number of pages: 238
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.7
  • Amazon Rating: 4.5
  • Translator: Munira Karawan
  • Arabic version publishing house: The National Center for Translation
  • English version publisher: Simon & Schuster
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 80 languages.

Oedipus rex is about King Oedipus of Thebes, who discovers that he inadvertently killed his father, the former King Laius, and married his mother Jocasta. Over the centuries, this play has come to be seen by many as the Greek tragedy par excellence and certainly the pinnacle of Sophocles’ achievement, and the most famous of all.

At the beginning of his life, Marquis was not a fan of the classic Greek writers and viewed their works as boring and useless – except for the Odyssey – until one of his friends Gustavo presented him with the complete works of Sophocles and Oedipus had a special place in Marquis:

Gustavo was, from that moment on, one of the decisive persons in my life, for Oedipus as a king which, at first reading, revealed to me to be a work of perfection.

The effect of Antigone’s dilemma on the novel Withered Leaves

The effect of Antigone's dilemma on the novel Withered Leaves works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez
  • Author’s name: Sophocles
  • Book Category: Fiction, Drama.
  • Original Publication Date: 441 BC.
  • Original language of publication: Ancient Greek.
  • Number of pages: 80
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.6
  • Amazon Rating: 4.5
  • Translator: Dr. Ali Hafez
  • Publishing house for the Arabic version: The National Council for Culture, Arts and Translation in Kuwait
  • English version publisher: Prestwick House, Inc.
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 40 languages.

Antigone’s play deals with the issue of rebellion against the tyrannical regime through a conflict between the woman Antigone who rejects the king’s decision not to bury her brother because the king believes that he does not deserve this human treatment and to be buried with dignity as he represents evil, but allows the burial of his other brother who was killed with him because he He sees it as good.

When Marquez showed his short novel The Withered Leaves to his friend Gustavo before it was published, Gustavo told him that it represented the Antigone legend of Sophocles, and then Marquez realized the similarity between the dramatic situation in his novel and the play that he had forgotten some of, so he decided:

“That night I reread the work, with a strange mixture of pride for my compatibility, good will with a writer of such greatness, and pain that I should be shamed into public plagiarism.”

Then Marquez added many modifications to his story, but allowed himself to use a sentence by Sophocles as a venerable conclusion to his story and as a tribute to the writer who, unconsciously, influenced him in this way.

Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf

Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez
  • Author Name: Virginia Woolf
  • Book Category: Fiction.
  • Original Publication Date: 1935
  • Original language of publication: English.
  • Number of pages: 214
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.8
  • Amazon Rating: 4.2
  • Translator: Atta Abdel Wahab
  • Arabic Edition Publishing House: The Arab Institute for Studies and Publishing
  • English Edition Publishing House: Penguin Classics
  • Translations into other languages: The novel has been translated into more than 70 languages.
  • Adapted artworks: The novel was made into a movie of the same name in 1997, directed by Marilyn Juris and starring Vanessa Redgrave, Natasha McKillon, and Michael Kitchen.

Mrs Dalloway is one of the most important novels of the twentieth century. The novel follows one day in the life of aristocratic housewife Clarissa Dalloway who organizes a party for her husband Richard, feeling her whole life cut short on that day, and how her party intersects with the life of veteran Septimus Warren Smith who comes to London to meet Clarissa’s doctor.

As soon as he was introduced to Mrs. Dalloway’s novel, Marques wrote, his after-dining routine at the Franco Monera house changed from reading Golden Age Spanish and Neruda’s poems to recounting passages from Mrs. Dalloway’s novel and especially the delusions of her influential character Septimus. Marquez was associated with the character of Septimius so much that when he published his first article in the El Heraldo, he decided to choose the name Septimius as a pseudonym for his writings.

Franz kafka novel Metamorphosis

Franz kafka novel Metamorphosis works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez
  • Author Name: Franz Kafka
  • Book Category: Fiction, Philosophy.
  • Original Publication Date: 1915
  • Original language of publication: German.
  • Number of pages: 104
  • Goodreads Rating: 3.8
  • Amazon Rating: 4.7
  • Translator: Mubarak Wasat
  • Arabic Edition Publishing House: Al Jamal Publications
  • English Edition Publishing House: Bantam Classics
  • Translations into other languages: The novel has been translated into more than 70 languages.

The Metamorphosis is about a young Gregor Samsa who wakes one day to find himself transformed into a giant insect. Of course, his family could not bear him – although he was the first breadwinner for them – and his father wounded him after he threw his apple on him, so Gregor decided to starve himself until he died alone in his room and his family was relieved of that monstrosity that he had turned into.

This small novel, especially its first line, was credited with setting the career path for Marquez. This puts the credit for Marquez’s creations that I still amazed at to his roommate Domingo Manuel Vega, who loaned Marquez this novel in the hope that it would help him sleep, but in fact made him not sleep as fast as he once did.

This novel revealed to Marquez a kind of mystery book that he did not know before, because the course of its events was not only different but completely inconsistent with what he considered good writing. And at that moment, Marquez realized that proving the events is not necessary, but rather what the writer has done to appear real through his talent, which is similar to Scheherazade’s talent in a new world. Marquez wrote:

“When I finished reading Metamorphosis, I still had an irresistible eagerness to live in that strange paradise.”

The next day, his colleague Vega surprised him with a typewriter, and Marquez sat in front of it, did not go to university, and wrote his first short story inspired by Kafka’s metamorphosis, The Third Submission, and began an unmissable journey of short stories with magical realism.

One thousand and one nights the simplest and most beautiful

One thousand and one nights the simplest and most beautiful One thousand and one nights the simplest and most beautiful works that influenced Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Márquez
  • Author name: unknown.
  • Book Category: Fiction.
  • Original posting date: 800
  • Original language of publication: Arabic.
  • Number of pages: 2593
  • Goodreads Rating: 4
  • Amazon Rating: 4.7
  • Arabic version publishing house: Egyptian Lebanese House.
  • English Edition Publishing House: Penguin Clothbound Classics
  • Translations into other languages: Translated into more than 80 languages.

It is not known yet from the original writer of the stories of the Thousand and One Nights. All we know is that it is a group of stories collected and put into a unified framework. It is a story within a story, the first story of Scheherazade, which tells King Shahryar a story so that he does not kill her in the morning and so on for a thousand and one nights.

Marquez mentioned the stories of One Thousand and One Nights when he remembered his first suffering in learning to read, but after he went to Montessori school he did not suffer after that, and he read the first book he found in his home cupboard, and this book was The Thousand and One Nights – although he did not know that at the time – and although he did not He was not complete, but he attracted Marquez so strongly that an acquaintance of his family, who was also a writer, predicted Marquez’s future:

“This kid is going to be a writer.”

Marquez comments on a specific story from the stories of the Thousand and One Nights, which tells of a fisherman who promises his neighbor to gift her a fish if she helps him by providing a piece of lead to his net, and indeed he gave her the first fish he caught, and when she was about to put it on fire, she found a diamond inside. Marquez said:

“It is one of the shortest and simplest stories I have ever read, and it will sound like the best for the rest of my life.”

Of course Márquez read hundreds of books throughout his life and did not mention them all in his book, but the collection presented in this article had a direct and explicit influence on his beginnings and early books, and even on his awareness of what good writing is, and may have the same effect – or the opposite – on the new Marquez Who will read this article.

8 literary works that influenced the career of Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez

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8 literary works that influenced the career of Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez

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