What is amebic dysentery?
This unfamiliar dysentery will keep you away from people
Amebic dysentery is a standout amongst the most far-reaching diseases in the tropics. The explanation behind this is individuals for the most part don’t know or don’t take after legitimate strategies for individual cleanliness. On the off chance that lavatories are not utilized the dirt around the homes and towns is tainted and the pollution is conveyed into close by wells.
Bacillary and amebic looseness of the bowels are stomach diseases coming about because of irritation of the guts. The most widely recognized indications of looseness of the bowels include: stomach cramping and torment, the runs, blood and mucous in excrement, heaving, and fever. Regularly substantial bits of the intestinal film will be passed with the foul stool containing yellow mucous or blood.
Symptoms and Causes
- In the tropics the amebic looseness of the bowels understanding as a rule does not gripe of the runs but rather grumbles of stomach distress, particularly after dinners. Upon examination the specialist sees that the patient’s mid-region is delicate along the course of the colon, particularly along the sigmoid or lower right side.
- In particular, the microscopic organisms that cause bacillary dysentery is Shigella while the parasite Entamoeba histolytica is the offender of amebic diarrhea. These microorganisms move about the internal organ on pseudopodia and make themselves at home in the dividers of the digestive organs. The single adaptable cell can go to any organ of the body, however it at times goes anyplace else but to the liver. This is a genuine difficulty and must be taken care of speedily by a gifted specialist. Make certain to call him if there is torment in the upper right divide of the midriff.
Much of the time looseness of the bowels can be treated with anti-toxins, amoebic ides, and different rehydration medications. To kill the dysentery pestilence, particularly in creating and ruined nations, arrangements, for example, having admittance to clean water, hand cleanser, great cleanliness training and advancement, and the establishment and upkeep of sewage frameworks and treatment offices are the best techniques. Numerous foundations and non-benefit associations are handling the diarrhea scourge by giving clean water to towns.
What is amebic dysentery?
More details about amebic dysentery
Amoeba lives in two forms, one of which transmits disease and the other does not cause infection. Forms of amoebas include:
In the first form, the amoeba is able to move and reproduce, but it does not transmit disease.
In the second form, the amoeba is immobile, but it is able to withstand the harsh living conditions surrounding it, such as stomach acidity, for example, in this case the amoeba can live outside the body and thus is transmitted from one person to another.
Forms of injury
After transmission, the infection may occur in one of the two forms, namely:
The cyst turns into a trophozoite in the intestinal lumen and feeds on food residues and bacteria without penetrating the mucous membrane of the intestine, so it does not cause disease. Then, after passing through the intestine, it returns to its cystic state and is excreted from the body with secretions.
The amoeba penetrates the intestinal mucosa and kills the intestinal cells and immune system cells in the intestinal wall. This situation leads to bloody diarrhea called amoebic dysentery.
Most vulnerable people
Transmission of amoeba infection usually causes no symptoms, but the amoeba can cause dysentery in:
- Travelers who visit places where the disease is common.
- People with a weak immune system.
- Men who engage in same-sex sexual relations.
- Diseases that are not related to the digestive system, such as diseases of the pulmonary membranes, kidneys, brain, and skin.
Symptoms of amoebic dysentery
If symptoms appear after infection with the amoeba, these symptoms vary according to the body system affected by the infection. When the intestine is infected, the condition is called amoebic dysentery, and the symptoms are as follows:
- Severe diarrhea accompanied by abdominal pain that lasts for a few weeks.
- Bleeding from the anus without diarrhea, as this symptom is particularly common in children.
- Weight loss and loss of appetite.
- Symptoms are similar to those of peritonitis.
- high body temperature.
When the liver is infected and an abscess is formed, the symptoms are mainly:
- high body temperature;
- In the upper right side of the abdomen feeling pain.
- Loss of appetite and weight loss.
Causes and risk factors for amoebic dysentery
What causes this disease is a parasite (Parasite) called amoeba that is found everywhere in the world, but the disease spreads in developing countries that are not keen on a complete separation between wastewater and food and water sources, where the infection is transmitted:
- As a result of contact between food and stool.
- Through contaminated hands that have come into contact with feces and have not been washed before eating.
- During sexual intercourse, although this possibility is rare.
Complications of amoebic dysentery
The disease may lead to
- Death of the large intestine.
- Toxic megacolon, which causes severe pain,
- Septicemia and intestinal rupture.
- The formation of unwanted fistulas between the digestive system and other organs in the abdomen.
In the worst cases, the amoeba bypasses the intestines and penetrates the blood circulation, causing the disease to other organs in the body, such as:
- the brain.
Diagnosis of amoebic dysentery
This parasite can be diagnosed in
- Examination of a stool sample.
- A special test designed to detect amoeba eggs in the stool. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, this test is recommended in areas where the disease is common.
- Examination for the presence of antibodies (antibody), or the presence of the genetic material of the amoeba, in the blood serum. These tests allow faster, more accurate and more sensitive diagnosis, but they are not usually available in endemic locations.
To diagnose liver abscess as a result of amoeba infection, a procedure is needed:
- Ultrasound imaging.
- Computed tomography.
Amoebic dysentery treatment
There is usually no need to stay in the hospital, except in the following cases:
- Acute colitis accompanied by loss of large amounts of fluid, which requires administration of intravenous fluid or solution.
- Peritonitis due to spontaneous rupture of a liver abscess.
- Severe colitis that requires surgery.
When an infection is diagnosed even without any symptoms, anti-amoeba treatment is needed. Treatment is usually done with the following:
- Antibiotics: They work only inside the intestinal lumen and do not penetrate into other parts of the body to prevent the disease from getting worse and preventing the spread of infection.
- Anti-bacterial and anti-parasitic: If the transmission of infection is related to the infection, then it should be used.
Prevention of amoebic dysentery
The disease can be prevented by the following:
- Boil or filter drinking water.
- Wash uncooked food with boiling or filtered water.
- Maintaining a decent level of hygiene.
- Separation between drinking water and irrigation water on the one hand, and waste water on the other.
What is amebic dysentery?