What is bureaucracy all about who invented this terminology?
The German Max Weber (April 21, 1864 AD – June 14, 1920 AD) is a social scientist and expert in political economy. He was famous for his thesis on Protestant ethics related to Protestantism and capitalism, in addition to his ideas on bureaucracy.
His life Max was of great importance among German sociologists, but since few of his works were published in book form and most of the journals in which he was published were aimed at a class of specialists, his influence was not felt until after his death, and in general Max’s greatest merit was to introduce the social sciences To Germany, and during the article, we will learn what bureaucracy is and what is Max’s role in bureaucracy.
What is bureaucracy?
The term bureaucracy originated from the French language and is a combination of the two French words Peru and Greek Kratos so that Peru means office and Kratos means power or political power to become the authority of the office. The term was first introduced into the English language by the Irish novelist Lady Morgan, and bureaucracy refers to a body of unelected government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
In short, it is an administrative system that governs any large institution, whether it is publicly owned or privately owned. Public administration in many countries is an example of bureaucracy, and many have pointed out the necessity of bureaucracy in modern society.
The German scientist Max Weber, who was concerned with what is bureaucracy and who is the first to formally study bureaucracy and whose work led to the popularization of the term, said that bureaucracy constitutes the most efficient and rational way in any human activity that can be organized and that systematic processes and organized hierarchies are necessary to maintain order Maximizing efficiency and eliminating prejudice, on the other hand, Max also sees that if the bureaucracy is not constrained it will constitute a threat to the freedom of the individual,
So that the unrestrained bureaucracy can besiege individuals through irrational control based on rules, and according to Max, the ideal bureaucracy, whether public or Especially characterized by a hierarchical organization, formal lines of authority – the leadership of authority – a fixed field of activity, a strict division of labor, an orderly and continuous organization of tasks, that all decisions and powers must be bound by regulations, and that promotion in jobs must be under technical qualifications that must be assessed according to the regulations.
Bureaucracy and management
In conclusion, what is bureaucracy, bureaucracy is not like governance or management, some administrative structures are not bureaucratic, and many bureaucracies are not part of administrative structures, but the differences lie in the objectives of each system, management directs organizational resources towards an objective goal such as profit generation or service management, and in turn, Bureaucracy ensures the correctness of procedures regardless of circumstances or objectives, and in modern industrial societies such as the USA there is often a double bureaucracy between private companies and government regulators.
What is bureaucracy all about who invented this terminology