What is death ? signs and Symptoms close to death
(English: Death) is defined as the end of life, permanent cessation of all major vital body functions, and is defined as the death of the brain with its entire stem, or the cessation of respiratory and circulatory functions permanently, and is not treatable. The death case is also acknowledged in accordance with the agreed medical standards.
Symptoms of death
The death of a person afflicted with a disease leading to it is preceded by the appearance of many symptoms and signs that indicate the approaching of his death, and the following is a statement of the most prominent of these signs and symptoms:
Loss of appetite:
where death is usually preceded by a general weakness in human activity, which reduces his appetite and need to eat as a result of a decrease in his need for energy. In the last period before death, a person may stop eating completely, and then his lips must be constantly moisturized so as not to cause him any inconvenience when they are dry.
Increased hours of sleep:
This is due to a decrease in the effectiveness of metabolic processes and the resulting energy in the human body, and the increase in sleep is usually noticed two to three months before death. It is necessary to encourage the patient to move, and make sure that his bed is comfortable for sleeping.
Lack of social interaction:
This is also due to the lack of energy in the body, so the person tends to stay at home and not mix with those around him. It is the duty of these persons to arrange visits for him so that he does not remain alone for long periods before his death.
Change in vital signs:
a person who is about to die may suffer from a drop in blood pressure, or a disturbance in the heartbeat, and these pulses may become unclear when heard, and the color of urine may change to become brown in color, which could be a sign of weakness The kidneys start to stop working.
Changes in excretory habits:
We have previously mentioned that the quantities of food and fluids may decrease in the human body who is about to die, and therefore this leads to the person not needing to excrete and urinate as before, and this process may stop permanently if the person stops eating and drinking completely.
Sometimes the approaching death of a person is accompanied by a general weakness in the muscles, which may prevent him from performing the simplest activities, such as; Lifting small objects or rolling over in bed.
Drop in body temperature:
This is due to poor blood circulation, and its focus on important internal organs instead of the whole body, causing cold extremities, pallor of the skin, or the appearance of blue or pink spots on it. It is worth noting that the patient may not feel this cold, so care must be taken to warm his body by appropriate means.
Before their death, some people may suffer from confusion in the mind and poor coherence of thoughts, and they may lose focus and awareness of what is happening around them.
The patient may experience sudden changes in respiratory rate; The respiratory rate becomes rapid or interrupted by pauses.
The pain and the accompanying sounds can increase when a person approaches death, and a doctor should be consulted about the need to give him medications or pain relievers.
A person may suffer from hallucinations and distorted fantasies before his death, and it is better that those around him do not correct what he says, because of this negative impact on his psyche.
The most common causes of death
There are many causes of death and diseases leading to them, and some of these diseases and causes are more dangerous to life than their counterparts. According to a statistic conducted by the World Health Organization in 2016 to determine the most common causes of death, it appeared that about 54% of the deaths recorded globally in that year, which amounted to 56.9 million cases, were related to ten main causes, so it was called the most common causes of death. Common, and the following are mentioned for these reasons:
Ischemic heart disease:
This disease causes narrowing of the arteries that supply the heart muscle, and thus poor oxygenation of the heart, and may cause heart attacks and death.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
It is a type of chronic respiratory disease, and it causes difficulty breathing to various degrees in sufferers, and it is worth noting that the main cause of COPD is prolonged exposure to substances that irritate the lungs and damage their cells, such as: air pollutants, chemical fumes, and cigarette smoke.
Lower respiratory infection:
They are diseases that affect the parts that lie below the throat of the respiratory system, including pneumonia, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis common in children, and these diseases are considered the most infectious diseases that cause death.
Suffering from Alzheimer’s and dementia:
Where Alzheimer’s is known as a disorder that affects brain cells and leads to their death, and the consequent impairment of memory, concentration, and ability to think, and it is one of the main causes of dementia.
Cancer of the lung, bronchi and bronchi:
Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells, and it has more than a hundred types, but the mentioned cancers are the most deadly.
This name is given to a group of diseases that affect the body’s handling of sugar, which leads to a high rate of sugar in the blood, and consequently, complications and health problems for the patient that may cause his death.
Road accidents killed about 1.4 million people in 2016.
Diarrhea is one of the symptoms of several diseases and different types of infections that affect the digestive system, and the pathogens leading to diarrhea are transmitted in contaminated food and water. This diarrhea may cause severe dehydration in the body, and significant weight loss, in addition to death, especially in children.
It is a disease transmitted by bacterial infection, which usually attacks the lungs, and causes multiple symptoms such as; Chronic cough lasting three or more weeks, weight loss, and night sweats, and may even lead to death.