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what is normal potassium level / The ratio of sodium and potassium in the body

what is normal potassium level / The ratio of sodium and potassium in the body

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The ratio of sodium and potassium in the body: what is normal?

The ratio of sodium and potassium in the body

The normal ratio of sodium and potassium in the body can be explained as follows:

  1. what is normal sodium level

The percentage of sodium in the body / Normal levels of sodium in the blood range from 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter.

Hyponatremia occurs when the sodium in the blood falls below 135 milliequivalents per liter.

While sodium levels above 145 mEq per liter cause hypernatremia.

  1. what is normal potassium level ?

The percentage of potassium in the body / Normal levels of potassium in the blood for adults range between 3.6 – 5.2 millimeters equivalent per liter, and in children between 3.4 – 4.7 millimeters equivalent per liter.

So when the blood potassium level is less than 3.5 mEq per liter it is known as hypokalemia.

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While hyperkalemia occurs when the potassium level is higher than 5.5 mEq per liter.


The ratio of sodium and potassium in the diet

The RDI for sodium should not exceed 2,300 milligrams, which is equivalent to 1 teaspoon of salt.

While the reference daily intake for potassium is a maximum of 4700 milligrams.

Potassium and sodium and their role in building the body

In addition to sodium, potassium is an electrolyte that the human body needs to function properly.

The sodium-potassium pumps that push sodium out of the cell and introduce potassium into the cell strengthen the transmission of nerve signals and help increase muscle contraction strength.

They also help the kidneys function properly, and researchers are studying their effect on bone health.


Food sources of sodium and potassium

The body can get what it needs from the proportion of sodium and potassium from the food we eat as follows:

  1. Sodium sources

We can get sodium from:

  • Processed meats, such as: bacon and sausages.
  • Soups and soups.
  • snacks.
  • chicken.
  • cheeses.

Potassium sources

  1. While we get potassium from:
  • Vegetables, such as: sweet potatoes, green leaves.
  • Fruits, such as: bananas.
  • Seafood, such as salmon.

Causes of low levels of sodium and potassium in the body

  1. Causes of low sodium levels

The reason for the low level of sodium is due to the following:

  • Take certain medications.
  • Heart and kidney problems.
  • Increased secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
  • Vomiting more than normal.
  • frequent diarrhea.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • hormonal changes.
  1. Causes of low potassium levels
    Reasons for low potassium levels include:
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Frequent diarrhea.
  • Diuretics.
  • Excessive use of laxatives.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Folic acid deficiency.
  • A side effect of some antibiotics.

The relationship between the proportion of sodium and potassium in the body and high blood pressure

There is a relationship between consuming large amounts of sodium and high blood pressure, and this often means that an increase in sodium consumption is often an increase in the likelihood of developing high blood pressure.

High consumption of sodium and low consumption of potassium leads to an increased risk of developing high blood pressure.

And patients with high blood pressure may reduce their blood pressure when increasing the consumption of potassium.

Increasing potassium and decreasing sodium can help control high blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease that can lead to death.

what is normal potassium level / The ratio of sodium and potassium in the body

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