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What is the information systems major?

Management Information Systems Specialization

A management information system is a structured approach to studying the information needs of the organization, necessary for its management at all levels, to be able to make practical, tactical, and strategic decisions. In an appropriate and timely manner, the modern computerized systems in management information systems collect relevant data, whether from inside or outside the organization, on an ongoing basis, and then this data is processed, integrated, and stored in a central database, where it is constantly updated, and made available, in a form fit for purpose, to all persons who have access to it.

Skills required for specialization

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There are many skills that MIS students should have, including:

  • Education: Students need at least a bachelor’s degree to succeed in this field, and this degree should be in either information technology, computer science, or information systems. A master’s degree or training certificate helps in obtaining more valuable experience.
  • Work skills: A person needs work and communication skills, to be able to work with co-workers, and other departments better. Information systems link information technology and business.
  • Creativity: Management information systems give scope for creativity in the business world. When a person knows the methodology and theories of information systems, he can then apply creativity to what he has learned to come up with effective management solutions to manage the company, and given the constant change in this field, the more creative the person, The more successful it is.
  • Sub-specialty: Obtaining a certificate in one or more sub-specialties, in addition to the major’s certificate, helps to further customize a person’s career in information systems, and there are many specialized sub-fields, which include management, accounting, or even geographic information systems. Earning a minor will help focus the profession more, and get ahead of other students.
  • Innovation: Creativity can be an important element in information systems, but the important focus point in information systems is how to use this creativity to achieve innovation, and this is not limited to the production of a tangible product, but can include the use of personal skills to accelerate certain processes of the work system, To achieve efficiency and effectiveness, and to have the ability to send the right information to the right people at the right time.

Potential professions for specialization

Students with a degree in Information Systems can work in a variety of professions, including:

  • Network and Internet manager
  • Data network security administrator
  • Technical consultant
  • Communications network designer
  • Electronic commerce worker
  • Information manager
  • Systems analyst
  • Software engineer
  • Webmaster
  • Business systems project manager
  • Project manager
  • Web developer
  • assistant analyst
  • Business systems analyst
  • Database analyst

Features of management information systems

  • Get more accurate results because the computerized program does not get bored of the routine as the human cadre.
  • Reducing expenses and salaries so as to rely on the system more than the employees.

Basic components of management information systems

– Hardware

They are represented in computers, network setup devices, servers, servers, mobile devices for their systems, employee login devices, and others.

– Software

It is all the programs that are being worked on to create the systems that the company will work on, such as database programs, programming code editors, data entry programs, and others.

– Data

It is the set of information that is entered to build upon the information and operations that will be carried out by these systems, and the data must be complete, accurate, and up-to-date because it will affect the conduct of some operations if they differ.

– Procedures

They are the operations that take place through the system. They must be arranged and documented to be converted into a computerized system. The sequence of these operations must be clear and which of them depends on the other or not.

– individuals

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They are the employees or organizations and companies that work on the system, whether as programmers or as users.

The most important tasks of management information systems

  • Office help Where systems that contain office tasks are programmed from entering data, checking writings, etc., instead of working in paper form or on simple programs, there is a complete system that links all files with each other, facilitating various office operations.
  • Accounting tasks They are the most important tasks that concern companies and computerized systems depend on programming all the calculations carried out by the company in order to give the most accurate calculations and numbers.
  • Make decision It depends largely on the information entered and its accuracy. To make a decision through a computerized system, this process is done through a process called data mining that takes a certain amount of information and compares it with each other, collects and categorizes it, and outputs the results that after seeing it, a decision is made about the progress of the project or not. Or by offering a bid or not and so on.
  • Reporting It depends on the type of the report. There are periodic reports that are issued every month, every year, or the end of each cycle, and they are done through the system where the user is reminded of them because they are implicitly programmed into the system, and there are non-periodic reports or special reports that are issued as needed, such as reports at the end of a project. , so that the user requests it from the system when needed.

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