where qatar | where qatar is located | qatar doha

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where qatar | where qatar is located | qatar doha

Location of Qatar / where qatar is located

Qatar is located geographically at 25° 30′ north latitude and 51° 15′ east longitude,[1] in the Middle East in western Asia, on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, where it shares its borders with the Arabian Gulf and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia to the south, Qatar is separated from Bahrain by the Gulf of Bahrain.[2] The area of the Qatar Peninsula is 11,437 km2, with a longitudinal extension of about 160 km2, and a transverse extension of 90 km2 the maritime borders of Qatar extend for about 563 km2, and Qatar is characterized by its inclusion of many The islands, of which the most important is Halul.[3]

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The importance of Qatar’s location

The importance of the geographical location of the State of Qatar lies in its strategic and regional location, which is located halfway between the countries of Europe and Asia. Qatar is considered a link between East and West and is easily accessible from the major cities in the world. Which contributed to making it one of the preferred countries for investment by businessmen and investors, as it can be reached by air from 100 major cities in the world and more; This is due to the airlines that provide direct flights to desired destinations, such as Oman, Turkey, Iran, and India, and also provide direct flights to world-famous commercial centers, such as Hong Kong, Singapore, London, and New York.

Qatar is distinguished by having advanced marine transportation, as Qatar offers more than 150 marine destinations around the world; This is because it has one of the largest developed ports in the Middle East, Hamad Port, which is characterized by its enormous potential that has contributed to supporting and promoting trade between Qatar and various countries of the world.[4]

Topography and climate of Qatar

The State of Qatar represents a peninsula located in the middle of the western coast of the Arabian Gulf, characterized by its plain, flat land covered with sand and gravel,[5] and the presence of huge sand dunes in the southeastern region of the country, in addition to the presence of many salt basins in the western coastal regions. There are no permanent rivers in Qatar, but there are many valleys, such as Wadi Al Dubayan, Wadi Al Banat, and Wadi Lusail.

[2] The climate of the State of Qatar is characterized by a hot and humid summer, where temperatures during the day reach 50 degrees Celsius, while the winter in Qatar is warm, during which a small percentage of rain falls, not exceeding 75 mm annually, while during the spring and autumn seasons, the temperature is moderate. Where it reaches about 17 degrees Celsius.[6]

Qatar’s natural resources

Qatar’s economy depends on many of the natural resources available to it, which made it one of the richest economic countries in the world. The individual in the State of Qatar enjoys a high level of income on a global level. Among the most important natural resources of Qatar are the following:[7]

  • Oil: Oil was discovered in Qatar in the late thirties, and oil and natural gas contribute to 70% of state revenues, more than 60% of GDP, and 80% of export earnings. Qatar also ranked 11th among the largest crude oil-producing countries in the level of the world in 2013 and ranked 17th in 2015.
  • Natural gas: The State of Qatar is one of the main suppliers of natural gas in the world, with a proportion of natural gas reserves of approximately 25.3719 trillion cubic meters, which is equivalent to 14% of the proportion of natural gas reserves worldwide.
  • Fish and pearls: The economic activity in the State of Qatar started with fishing and diving in search of pearls. This is because it is located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, which made fishing a profitable and easy-to-find activity. About 150 species of fish were discovered on the coasts of the country, and tuna, grouper, and snapper are among the most widely caught types of fish there.
  • Helium: Qatar is one of the main helium-producing countries, as it produces an amount of up to 20 million cubic meters annually in its factories, which is equivalent to a third of the global demand for helium today.
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