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Why do we celebrate Labor Day?

Why do we celebrate Labor Day?

Labor Day or International Labor Day, is an official holiday in many countries of the world which some celebrate in May and the others celebrate on the first of September of each year, and the origin of this day goes back to Chicago,

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Which centered labor disputes demanding to reduce working hours, under the (eight-hour movement) ), which led to the emergence of the Trade Union Law, which gave the movement a legal character, and worked to protect its activities, which were launched through marches in Canada to support the movement after the printing workers’ strike in 1882 AD, from what turned this celebration and joys into an annual.

American labor leader Peter J McGuire was in Toronto and witnessed those celebrations, and upon his return to New York he organized the first Labor Day celebration in 1882 AD, starting from New York, and following the killing of a number of workers at the hands of the United States Marshals and the US Army in 1894 AD,

During Pullman’s strike, after which US President Cleveland made a number of reconciliation settlements with the Labor Party, considering it a top political priority, for fear of exacerbating the crisis and the outbreak of more conflicts.

Hence, Labor Day was legislated after it was passed to the US Congress and approved unanimously after six days. from the strike.

And International Workers’ Day, which falls on the first of Sep, and this day was chosen as a commemoration of the Eight Hour Movement, and in memory of the people who were killed in the Haymarket case that occurred as a result of the general strike in which the workers participated, where the police opened fire on them, which led to the death of four After that, anger spread all over the world, and on the next day,

large crowds of people gathered in Haymarket Square to express their condemnation and anger.

Less than twelve people, including seven policemen and the rest of the sit-in in the square, held after that the most controversial court in the history of the American judiciary, where eight people were tried because of their opinions and beliefs, not because of their connection to the accident that occurred in the square, and their involvement in one way or another in those The events, and led to the issuance of the death sentence on seven of the convicts accused of causing chaos, this matter aroused the anger of people everywhere, and the first day came as a kind of commemoration of these people and called them (Haymarket Martyrs).

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And now this day has become a celebration of labor achievements around the world at all levels.

Why do we celebrate Labor Day?

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