World map with countries
The world map gives us an insight into the political borders between the countries of the world. The world map is divided into a political map and an economic map to determine the wealth of each country, and a geographical map to distinguish the topography of each country from the plains and mountains, as well as a climatic map concerned with prevailing climatic phenomena such as the distribution of heat and rain. In this article, we will learn what the real world map is.
Real World map with countries :
As most of us know, the map of the world that we grew up with does not exactly show the accuracy of the features of the world, as the Mercator projection created by the Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569 AD is a visual representation of European centralism and historical colonialism, where Africa and South America look much smaller than they actually are. Greenland is larger than Africa on the map, but it is actually 14 times smaller than it, and it is almost the same size as Algeria.
British cartographer George Morrison warned in 1902 that people’s ideas in geography are not based on actual facts on the ground, but on the Mercator map, but now, thanks to the development of technology, the true size of countries can be known through the real world map through this site. Met Office climate scientist Neil Kay drew a two-dimensional map showing the true size of countries north of the equator using a stereoscopic projection rather than a Mercator projection, leaving the world map flat instead of circular.
Cartographers have been trying for several centuries to draw the map in a consistent and balanced way between the latitudes and longitudes and the relative areas of the continents and oceans. A French mathematician developed an equation to determine the degree of distortion of the world map called the Tissot equation. Each circle and cartographers use several methods to draw a map of the world:
- The sinusoidal projection was more successful in clarifying the accuracy of the area of the poles, but at the expense of the continents and curved meridians. The areas near the equator are considered to be somewhat accurate, but the distortion gets worse the further away from the equator.
- Robinson’s projection takes on an elliptical shape and balances the degree of distortion of the continents and the angles of the coordinate lines.
- Boone’s projection comes in the shape of a heart and focuses more on Europe and Africa but the area of Australia has been extended.
- Armadillo projection is a type of 3D simulation that preserves the area of the continents but shows the oceans in a smaller area.
World maps with countries
Not all 195 countries are shown on the political map because many of them were too small to be drawn to scale to be visible on the world map, and the world map focuses on the different countries around the world, unlike the old maps that were centered around Europe and Africa. Giving the correct location, names, and political boundaries of all countries is very useful for education and tourism purposes.
Deaf world map:
The deaf world map is known as one in which there are no political details or natural terrain. The Belgian scientist Mercator drew the first deaf world map in 1580 AD, based on geography books. The deaf world map is usually used in school exams in geography and university geography tests, especially for pilots. The captain, sailors, and tourism workers.
Flat world map
Japanese cartographer Hajime Narukawa divided the globe into 96 regions, folded into a quadrilateral and then the pyramid before finally flattening it into a two-dimensional sheet.
This method preserves the true dimensions of the continents through their outward angles rather than extending them. The goal of creating a flat map of the world was to address the problems of the twenty-first century, including the rapid disappearance of sea ice, and to show a more accurate area of areas near the poles, Africa has regained its true size on the map while North America and Europe have shrunk to their true sizes and the oceans are accurately represented by Breaking the old rules that govern how the continents, latitude, and longitude appear. Narukawa says his map is not accurate yet and some areas are still slightly distorted.
The map of the world is usually used for civil, military, and educational purposes, and for navigation and travel purposes. Sailors and travelers have often used the world map for travel destinations and directions. The Muslim scholar Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Idrisi, one of the founders of the science of geography, was the first to draw the world map on the orders of Roger II, King of Sicily.