Defining intelligence in psychology?
Intelligence is a speed of understanding and intuition, and an intellectual and cognitive activity carried out by the mind, and it is not a condition that intelligence is linked to academic or methodological achievement as it is known to some, as it may transcend it to other aspects such as social, linguistic, and mathematical intelligence. Each person is characterized by one or more types of intelligence.
Types of intelligence, i.e. a burning ember, meaning intense heat like a flame of fire.
Definition of intelligence by psychologists
Every psychologist has a point of view in his definition of intelligence, so they differed and did not agree on a single definition. Criticism of the person for directing his behavior, and some define him as the ability to acquire everything new, learn new skills, and gain experience, all to face the problems that confront a person in his life.
It explains to us that the difference in the definition of intelligence is natural due to the interpretation of each philosopher and thinker of the definition of intelligence through the environment, the era, and the circumstances in which he lived, so we take an example of Plato, who defined intelligence as the activity that earns its owner knowledge and learning, while Aristotle said that it is a set of feelings and feelings that make up the mind. And logic, the psychologist Odin Boring tried to stop the controversy and defined intelligence through the scale of intelligence tests, which gives a numerical value for the level of intelligence of each person.
Types of intelligence according to psychologists
Dr. Howard Gardner divides the types of intelligence into:
- Verbal intelligence: It is the ability to learn languages of all kinds, whether spoken or written and use them in self-expression and in communication, that is, communicating with others. This is a characteristic of writers and poets.
- Logical (mathematical) intelligence: It contains analysis and logical problem solving, scientific research, reasoning, conclusion and criticism. They are also good at dealing with computers and other devices in general.
- Sensory (kinesthetic) intelligence: is the ability to coordinate and harmonize body movements in order to achieve certain goals.
- Interactive (social) intelligence: includes the ability to mingle and interact with others, work with them, influence them, and understand their desires and motives, and is usually characterized by leaders, teachers, mentors, and salespeople.
- Self-intelligence (individual): includes understanding himself and fully knowing himself from motives, goals and ambitions, and drawing an effective model for his personality, and he has the ability to develop himself.
- Tonal intelligence (musical): The ability to recognize tones, sounds, music and intonations, distinguish between them and imitate them.
- Spatial intelligence (perception): It is the perception of spaces and areas and the ability to estimate the size of space and space.
- Bio-intelligence (environmental): It is coexistence and adaptation with the natural environment, and the identification of the various natural species in it.
The function of the brain as it relates to aging is memory and focus, not intelligence. In fact, intelligence is not necessarily an important factor in maintaining effective brain functions, and there are differences in intelligence between the sexes. Men use their brains faster to act and deal with problems. Women have a better ability to analyze complex topics.